User:Tohline/Appendix/CGH/Overview
CGH: Philosophical Overview
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Slit Diffraction
Single Aperture

As has been detailed in an accompanying discussion, we consider, first, the amplitude (and phase) of light that is incident at a location <math>~y_1</math> on an image screen that is located a distance <math>~Z</math> from a slit of width <math>~w = (Y_1  Y_2) = 2c</math>. The amplitude is given by the expression,
<math>~A(y_1)</math> 
<math>~=</math> 
<math>~\sum_j a_j \biggl[ \cos\biggl(\frac{2\pi D_j}{\lambda} + \phi_j \biggr) + i \sin\biggl(\frac{2\pi D_j}{\lambda} + \phi_j \biggr) \biggr] \, , </math> 
where,
<math>~D_j</math> 
<math>~=</math> 
<math>~ L \biggl[1  \frac{2y_1 Y_j}{L^2} + \frac{Y_j^2}{L^2} \biggr]^{1 / 2} \, , </math> 
and,
<math>~L</math> 
<math>~\equiv</math> 
<math>~ [Z^2 + y_1^2 ]^{1 / 2} \, . </math> 
Notice that, in the definition of <math>~D_j</math>, the expression inside the square brackets involves a term that depends quadratically on the dimensionless length scale, <math>~Y_j/L</math>, as well as a term that depends linearly on this ratio. As discussed below, our expression for the amplitude simplifies nicely in situations where the quadratic term can be ignored. Via a related simplification, we will find that the various natural lengths of this problem are can be related via the expression,
<math>~y_1\biggr_{1^\mathrm{st} \mathrm{fringe}}</math> 
<math>~\approx</math> 
<math>~\frac{\lambda Z}{w} \, .</math> 
See Also
 Tohline, J. E., (2008) Computing in Science & Engineering, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 8485 — Where is My Digital Holographic Display? [ PDF ]
 Diffraction (Wikipedia)
 Various Google hits:
 Single Slit Diffraction (University of Tennessee, Knoxville)
 Diffraction from a Single Slit; Young's Experiment with Finite Slits (University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia)
 Single Slit Diffraction Pattern of Light (University of British Columbia, Canada)
 Fraunhofer Single Slit (Georgia State University)
© 2014  2021 by Joel E. Tohline 