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In §102 of a book titled, The Theory of the Potential, MacMillan (1958; originally, 1930) derives an analytic expression for the gravitational potential of a uniform, infinitesimally thin, circular "hoop" of radius, <math>~a</math>. Throughout our related discussions, we generally will refer to this additional Key Equation from MacMillan as providing an expression for the,

Gravitational Potential in the Thin Ring (TR) Approximation Contours for Thin Ring Approximation

LSU Key.png



<math>~-\biggl[ \frac{2GM}{\pi } \biggr]\frac{K(k)}{\sqrt{(\varpi+a)^2 + z^2}}</math>

<math>\mathrm{where:}~~~k \equiv \{4\varpi a/[ (\varpi+a)^2 + z^2]\}^{1 / 2}</math>

See also, §III.4, Exercise (4) in Kellogg (1929). As is reviewed in an accompanying chapter titled, Dyson-Wong Tori, a number of research groups over the years have re-derived this "thin ring" approximation in the context of their search for effective and insightful ways to determine the gravitational potential of axisymmetric systems.