User:Tohline/Appendix/Ramblings/Azimuthal Distortions

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Analyzing Azimuthal Distortions

Whitworth's (1981) Isothermal Free-Energy Surface
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Adopted Notation

We will adopt the notation of J. E. Tohline & I. Hachisu (1988, ApJ, 361, 394). Specifically, drawing on their equation (2) but ignoring variations in the vertical coordinate, the mass density is given by the expression,



<math>~\rho_0 \biggl[ 1 + f(\varpi)e^{-i(\omega t - m\phi)} \biggr] \, ,</math>

where it is understood that <math>~\rho_0</math>, which defines the structure of the initial axisymmetric equilibrium configuration, is generally a function of the cylindrical radial coordinate, <math>~\varpi</math>.

Using the subscript, <math>~m</math>, to identify the time-invariant coefficients and functions that characterize the intrinsic eigenvector of each azimuthal eigen-mode, and acknowledging that the associated eigenfrequency will in general be imaginary, that is,



<math>~\omega_R + i\omega_I \, ,</math>

we expect each unstable mode to display the following behavior:

<math>~\biggl[ \frac{\rho}{\rho_0} - 1 \biggr]</math>


<math>~f_m(\varpi)e^{-i[\omega_R t + i \omega_I t - m\phi_m(\varpi)]} </math>



<math>~\biggl\{ f_m(\varpi)e^{-im\phi_m(\varpi)}\biggr\} e^{-i\omega_R t } \cdot e^{\omega_I t} </math>



<math>~\biggl\{ f_m(\varpi)e^{-i[\omega_R t + m\phi_m(\varpi)]} \biggr\} e^{\omega_I t} \, .</math>

Adopting Kojima's (1986) notation, that is, defining,

<math>~y_1 \equiv \frac{\omega_R}{\Omega_0} - m</math>


<math>~y_2 \equiv \frac{\omega_I}{\Omega_0} \, ,</math>

the eigenvector's behavior can furthermore be described by the expression,

<math>~\biggl[ \frac{\rho}{\rho_0} - 1 \biggr]</math>


<math>~\biggl\{ f_m(\varpi)e^{-i[(y_1+m) (\Omega_0 t) + m\phi_m(\varpi)]} \biggr\} e^{y_2 (\Omega_0 t)} </math>



<math>~\biggl\{ f_m(\varpi)e^{-im[(y_1/m+1) (\Omega_0 t) + \phi_m(\varpi)]} \biggr\} e^{y_2 (\Omega_0 t)} \, .</math>

Note that, as viewed from a frame of reference that is rotating with the mode pattern speed,

<math>\Omega_p \equiv \frac{\omega_R}{m} = \Omega_0\biggl(\frac{y_1}{m}+1\biggr) \, ,</math>

we should find an eigenvector of the form,

<math>~\biggl[ \frac{\rho}{\rho_0} - 1 \biggr]_\mathrm{rot} \equiv \biggl[ \frac{\rho}{\rho_0} - 1 \biggr]e^{im\Omega_p t}</math>


<math>~\biggl\{ f_m(\varpi)e^{-im[\phi_m(\varpi)]} \biggr\} e^{y_2 (\Omega_0 t)} \, ,</math>

which is unchanging (inside the curly braces) except for a uniform exponential amplitude growth.

See Also

Whitworth's (1981) Isothermal Free-Energy Surface

© 2014 - 2021 by Joel E. Tohline
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Recommended citation:   Tohline, Joel E. (2021), The Structure, Stability, & Dynamics of Self-Gravitating Fluids, a (MediaWiki-based) publication,